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For videos that are pre-recorded, provide an equivalent text description, or audio description of what happens on screen.
This ensures that information communicated visually in the video is available to people who cannot see it.
1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded): An alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. (Level A)
See the W3C’s detailed explanation of this guideline with techniques and examples.
Note: pre-recorded videos without sound are covered somewhere else in the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines:
1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded): For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: (Level A)
- Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content.
- Prerecorded Video-only: Either an alternative for time-based media or an audio track is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded video-only content.